Need to get some structure

Notes/Reading through –
Doing a Literature Review by Chris Hart (1998) Open University
Doing PG Research by Stephen Potter et (2006) Open University
– to get some structure, plan and requirements to the enquiry as there is lots of information/literature, ideas and analysis of my practice to work through

Review serves the following –
Distinguishing what has been done from what needs to be done
Discovering important variables relevant to the topic
Synthesising and gaining a new perspective
Identifying relationships between ideas and practice
Establishing the context of the topic or problem
Rationalizing the significance of the problem
Enhancing and acquiring the subject vocabulary
Understanding the structure of the subject
Relating theory and ideas to applications
Identifying the main methodologies and research techniques that have been used
Placing the research in a historical context to show familiarity with state of the art developments

Planning lit review

Define the topic
• General reading
• Notes on the concepts used and authors cited
• List of terms to search
• Shape of topic

Think about the scope of the topic
• What time frame how far back what subject areas might be relevant
• List terms and phrases to search vocabulary

Think about outcomes
• What do you want out of the search and why

Think about housekeeping
• Means to record and cross reference what you find

Plan the sources to be searched
• List of relevant sources

Search the sources listed
• Work through sources, start with general moving to abstracts and indexes

Research is aimed at explaining, exploring and/or describing the occurrence of some phenomenon.

ethnomethodology |ˌeθnōˌmeθəˈdäləjē|
a method of sociological analysis that examines how individuals use everyday conversation and gestures to construct a common-sense view of the world

Practice and theory
Soft data ethnographic data
Interpretivistic approach
epistemology |iˌpistəˈmäləjē|
noun Philosophy
the theory of knowledge, esp. with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.
Methodological meanings of validity, reliability and data

Different views on –
What reality is (ontology)
What can be accepted as real (epistemology)
Validating our claims
Collecting data

look for the reasoning that the author has used in the reviewed texts

structuralism |ˈstrək ch ərəˌlizəm|
a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human cognition, behavior, culture, and experience that focuses on relationships of contrast between elements in a conceptual system that reflect patterns underlying a superficial diversity.
• the doctrine that structure is more important than function.
Originating in the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure and extended into anthropology by Claude Lévi-Strauss, structuralism was adapted to a wide range of social and cultural studies, esp. in the 1960s, by writers such as Roland Barthes, Louis Althusser, and Jacques Lacan.

Mapping out ideas and context
Evaluative and critical
Organize the content of the review into sections and subsections
Classification is part of the analytical stage –
• Descriptive foundation
• Need to be explicit on why chose to highlight connections
correspondence |ˌkôrəˈspändəns; ˌkär-|
noun 1 a close similarity, connection, or equivalence : there is a simple correspondence between the distance of a focused object from the eye and the size of its image on the retina.
Noun 1 there is some correspondence between the two variables correlation, agreement, consistency, compatibility, consonance, conformity, similarity, resemblance, parallel, comparability, accord, concurrence, coincidence.

Rhetorical analysis and mapping of review materials
to convince the reader using various rhetoric
• Ethos personal experience
• Point of view vantage point first or third person
• Style – the way to express ideas ie. It often appears etc
• Gnomic present connecting to other statements
• Story – overall structure for telling of the events
• Tropes – figurative phrases –
• Metaphor – something familiar to describe something complex
• Synecdoche – part of the whole
• Metonymy – name of one thing is substituted by another
• Irony – say one thing but mean another

Logics of Enquiry
Induction, Deduction and Abduction
Explanatory and Explicatory research
I reckon my research is –
• Abductive enquiry
• Constructivist paradigm
• Epistemology – the knowledge is constructed, multiple and a means exercise
• Ontology – the world as we know it is constructed through human meaning making. It is a world of representations, signs and symbols
• Research aim to explicate the social world – to gain insight and understanding of how it operates
• To develop hypotheses
• Observe or create anomalies or surprises – examine ‘the residue of the unexplained’


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